There have been various studies and researches made to fully understand the science of racism. These have helped us understand how the concept of “race” started, how people differ from each other and many other things. Now, we picked up some of the best works of scientific racism through the years:
SystemaNaturae, by Carl Linnaeus (1767)
Carl Linnaeus was one of the biggest minds of natural science. He created the system which we still used today in categorizing life forms into species, genus and family, among others. His contributions to life sciences include his proposal that humans came in distinct species – Americanus, Europeanus, Asiaticus, and Africanus.
Crania Americana, by Samuel Morton (1839)
This book became influential because of its scientific foundation of slave’s classifications – naturally passive, obedient and unintelligent in which they are contented to be slaves. Morton also explained how skulls can determine personality characteristics.
Preface to The Origin of Species, by Clémence Royer (1862)
Royer was a scientist who translated Darwin’s evolutionary theory into French. In her preface, she considered that races are “not distinct species” but unequal varieties. She also claimed that “Superior races are destined to supplant inferior ones.”
Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development, by Francis Galton (1883)
Galton, a geneticist and a statistician was known for his idea of eugenics. He contributed to the knowledge of understanding population genetics. According to him, human behavior was a result of “nature” and “nurture”. Thus, individuals should mate with people of successful or prominent background.
Coming of Age in Samoa: A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilization, Margaret Mead (1928)
Mead’s famous work of anthropology explores racial differences through the “noble savage” stereotype rather than the “dumb savage” stereotype. She immersed herself with the Ta’u on the Samoan islands and learned that the natives’ simple life was superior to that of civilized people in Europe and America.
Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, by Amy Chua (2011)
Chua argued that there are racial groups that are just plain superior. Chua compares her parenting with typical American parenting. She believes everything is about nurturing individuality. She used a pop sociological analysis stating that Asian kids succeed more than Western counterparts.
A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race, and Human History, by Nicholas Wade (2014)
Wade’s work is considered to be the most influential work of scientific racism circulating today. According to his argument, racial groups have genetic predispositions to certain kinds of mental skills. Some of which evolved only over the past few hundred years. With this, some races are created more than the others. Wade’s work uses the idea of genetics to explain social inequalities.